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Edward Cope (1840-97), US palaeontologist. Cope was born and raised in Philadelphia, and showed an interest in natural history from an early age. He was appointed professor of comparative zoology and botany at Haverford College in 1864, and from 1889 until his death served as a professor at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1872 he had joined the US Geological Survey (USGS), and became dedicated to the study of fossils. He is credited with the discovery of over 1000 fossil species, and performed valuable work on stratigraphy and the evolutionary origin of horses. In later years, he was involved in a bitter and protracted rivalry with the head of the USGS, Othniel Marsh.
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