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William Caxton (centre, c1422-1491), first English printer. Caxton studied printing in Germany, in 1471, and set up a press in Belgium, where he produced the first book printed in English - his own version of a French romance, Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye (1474). Returning to England in 1476, he set up a wooden printing press in London, where he produced the first book printed in England, Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres (1477). He went on to print about 100 books, including Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, and revised and translated many himself. Artwork published in Heroes of the Laboratory and the Workshop (1860).
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