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Guy de Chauliac (c.1300-1368), French surgeon. Guy de Chauliac was the most eminent surgeon of the European Middle Ages. He was physician to Popes Clement VI, Innocent VI and Urban V at Avignon. His Chirugia magna of 1363 was used as a manual by physicians for the next three centuries. In it he describes surgical procedures including those for hernia and cataract, and the use of a narcotic inhalation to induce sleep in surgical patients.
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