GARY BROWN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GARY BROWN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Marie Curie. Caricature of the Polish chemist Marie Curie (1867-1934), holding a round bottomed flask. Curie is known for her pioneering early work with radioactivity. She isolated the elements polonium and radium from uranium ore, a feat that gained her the 1911 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. This award came eight years after she received the Nobel prize for Physics for her work on radioactivity in general. In World War I, she was a proponent of mobile radiography units for the diagnosis of injuries in wounded soldiers. She died of aplastic anaemia, almost certainly due to her lifelong exposure to the hazardous materials she worked with, ignorant of their dangers.
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