NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Guillaume Duchenne. Portrait of Guillaume Benjam- in Amand Duchenne (1806-75), French physician, holding an electrode to a patient's head. Duchenne pioneered electric therapy. He studied the physiology and diseases of muscles. He did important work on poliomyelitis, locomotor ataxia and Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. He developed a method of removing small pieces of muscle (a biopsy) for microscopic examination. He never held a formal hospital appointment but worked at Salpetriere Hospital in Paris under the patronage of Charcot. Photographed in 1861.
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