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Clarence Darrow. Portrait of Clarence Seward Darr- ow (1857-1938), the American lawyer who defended John Scopes in 1925 after he was prosecuted for teaching evolutionary theory in schools. Scopes broke the Butler Act, a Tennessee law that forbade the teaching of evolution because it contradicted Biblical creation theory. The trial got worldwide publicity, & was known as the "Monkey Trial". Dar- row argued that evolution was scientifically valid and claimed that the Butler Act was unlawful, but did not deny that Scopes had broken the law. Scopes was fined $100 but the verdict was later reversed on technical grounds by the state supreme court. The Butler Act remained in force until 1967.
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