GEORGE BERNARD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GEORGE BERNARD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Charles Darwin. Portrait of Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882), British naturalist. Darwin studied medicine and theology, but was most interested in natural history. In 1831, he joined the HMS Beagle as a naturalist on its five year voyage around the world. This provided the data for his book, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859). He proposed that natural variation in a species creates many individual traits, some more useful than others. Evolution results from only those offspring with the most competitive traits surviving. His ideas were opposed by the Church, but have now been largely accepted. Taken from the 1878 volume of Men of Mark and Distinction.
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