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The English geographer and anthropologist, Sir Francis Galton, 1822-1911. Born near Birmingham and educated at Cambridge, Galton's career began as explorer and traveller. In: Meteorographica, he founded the modern technique of weather mapping, and discovered the term anticyclone. Galton always stressed the value of quantitative evidence in research. When Charles Darwin's work inspired him into questions of heredity, Galton began to investigate identical twins, height and mental ability, and mathematical ways to express human variation. He invented the statistical measure of correlation and also the term eugenics (breeding selectived human traits). Galton was knighted in 1909.
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