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Sir Francis Galton, (1822-1911), British anthropologist. Born near Birmingham and educated at Cambridge, Galton's career began as explorer and traveller. In Meteorographica, he founded the modern technique of weather mapping, and coined the term anticyclone. Galton always stressed the value of quantitative evidence in research. When Darwin's work inspired him into questions of heredity, Galton began to investigate the supposed inheritance of mental ability, using mathematical ways to express human variation. He invented the statistical measure of correlation and also the term eugenics (breeding selected human traits). Galton was knighted in 1909.
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