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Richard Gatling, American machine gun pioneer

Richard Gatling, American machine gun pioneer

H407/0194

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30.0 MB (1.1 MB compressed)

2768 x 3788 pixels

23.4 x 32.0 cm ⏐ 9.2 x 12.6 in (300dpi)

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Credit

SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption

Richard Gatling. Portrait of Dr Richard Jordan Gatling (1818-1903), American inventor, metallurg- ist and machine gun pioneer. After graduating in medicine from Ohio Medical College, Gatling turned to invention. In response to the American Civil War of 1861-65, he developed a multi- barrelled gun in 1862. This was operated by a manually-turned handle and could fire up to 350 bullets a minute. Although not an original idea, Gatling's design was better than those of other inventors and it was adopted by several armies from 1866. Gatling's other inventions include a screw propeller for ships and a steel & aluminium alloy; he also experimented with cast-steel cannon.

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