SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Valentin Glushko (1908-1989), Soviet rocket scientist. Glushko was one of the most important scientists in the development of the Soviet space programme. His early years after graduation were spent experimenting on liquid-fuelled rocket engines, largely without success. In 1938 he was arrested in one of Stalin's purges but, as with so many scientists, allowed to continue his work in prison. He was released before the end of the Second World War and, with the Cold War beginning, enjoyed the vast resources given to rocket research. The engines he designed powered all of the early Soviet space missions, including the first manned orbit of the Earth, in Vostok 1.
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