EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Dennis Gabor (1900-1979), Hungarian physicist, giving a lecture on holography. Gabor studied in Budapest, Hungary, and in Berlin, Germany, and was awarded his PhD in 1927. He fled Nazi Germany in 1933 and worked at a research company in Rugby, England. It was here, in 1948, that he discovered the principles of holography, the technique of storing three-dimensional data by optical imaging. The first hologram was produced in 1963 once coherent light sources (lasers) had been invented. Gabor was awarded the 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on holography. He received the Rumford Medal of the Royal Society in 1968.
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