NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Engraving of Hippocrates (460-370 BC), Greek physician considered to be the father of medicine. His influence survives in the Hippocratic oath (a code of medical ethics) taken by medical students on completion of their training. Little concrete is known about Hippocrates. He founded a medical school on the Aegean island of Cos, where his ideas on medical conduct & practice were implemented. He advocated a rational approach to medicine, believing that disease was caused by physical phenomenon & not by the interference of the gods. Engraving by Philippus Bonk after a portrait by P. Phil.
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