PHYSICS TODAY COLLECTION / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PHYSICS TODAY COLLECTION / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes (1853-1926), Dutch physicist. Kamerlingh-Onnes worked on the properties of matter at low temperatures. He obtained liquid helium by cooling it using liquid hydrogen, followed by expansion, and found that it did not solidify even at a temperature of just below 1 Kelvin. In 1911 he found that metals such as mercury, tin and lead at very low temperatures become superconductors, with near-zero electrical resistance. He won the 1913 Nobel Prize for Physics for his work in low temperature physics.
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