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Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), Swedish botanist and taxonomist, based on a painting by Scheffel in 1739. Linnaeus was the founder of the modern taxonomy, or the classification system for animals and plants. He divided flowering plants into classes according to there stamens and orders according to the number of pistils in 'Systema Naturae' (The Natural World), which was published in 1735. In 1749, he invented the binomial nomenclature by which each plant was given a Latin generic noun followed by a specific adjective. Linnaeus opposed the evolutionary theory that no new species had been formed since Creation and none had become extinct. The medallion is the Order of the Polar Star (1753).
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