HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES LIBRARY / NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES LIBRARY / NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Ferdinand Marie Vicomte de Lesseps (1805-1894), French civil engineer. De Lesseps spent his early career in the diplomatic service before retiring in 1854 to plan the Suez Canal, a waterway to connect the Mediterranean and Red Seas. Construction work began in April 1859 and de Lesseps oversaw the digging until its completion in November 1869. As a result, he received many honours. He then began work on the Panama Canal between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Work on the sea-level scheme began in 1881 but was stopped in 1888 amid financial, engineering and political problems. De Lesseps was later charged with embezzlement.
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