PHILIPPE GONTIER / EURELIOS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PHILIPPE GONTIER / EURELIOS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Professor Luc Montagnier (born 1932), French virologist and discoverer of the AIDS virus. Montagnier was educated at Poitiers and Paris, receiving his Doctorate of Medicine (MD) in 1960. In the early 1960s, working in England, Montagnier discovered the way viral RNA replicates. This led to his study of retroviruses. In 1983, whilst head of the Viral Oncology Unit at the Institut Pasteur, Paris, Montagnier announced the isolation of the causative agent of AIDS. Montagnier called this retrovirus LAV (lymphodenopathy-associated virus), but it is now better known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV. Montagnier won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2008. Photographed in 1995.
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