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Matthew Murray. Portrait of Matthew Murray (1765- 1826), a British engineer who improved the design of steam engines. After working with machinery in a textile mill, Murray opened his own business in 1795. The firm manufactured textile machinery, machine tools and steam engines. Murray filed patents for the use in steam engines of automatic regulation of draught, mechanical stoking, bedplates and novel valve designs. Murray was also one of the first people to manufacture machine tools for sale, although he kept his planing machine design for his own company's use. From 1812 the company also began making steam locomotives and hydraulic equipment.
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