LAGUNA DESIGN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LAGUNA DESIGN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Gregor Mendel. Computer artwork of the Austrian botanist Gregor Johann Mendel (1822-1884) with a pea plant, DNA strand (orange) and sequence of genetic code (pink). Mendel discovered the basic laws of genetic heredity. He became an Augustinian monk in 1843, studied science in Vienna, Austria, during 1851-3 and became an Abbot in 1868. During 1856-63 he bred pea plants (Pisum sp.) in his monastery garden. By crossing various pea strains he demonstrated that certain traits were inherited from the parent plants in a predictable way. He is considered to be the founder of genetics. Inherited traits are now known to be carried on DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) as the genetic code.
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