JAMES KING-HOLMES / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY JAMES KING-HOLMES / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Mendel's microscope with a case of sample slides, in a library forming part of the Mendel museum commemorating the Austrian botanist Gregor Johann Mendel (1822-1884), founding father of genetics. The museum (Mendelianum) is housed in the Abbey of Saint Thomas, Brno, Czech Republic. Mendel was a former abbot of the Abbey. He conducted his breeding experiments with pea plants here, discovering the statistical laws of heredity. From his results, he postulated the existence of a unit of heredity that is now called the gene. A new exhibition, The Genius of Genetics, opened here in May 2002.
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