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Ferdinand Magellan (c.1480-1521), Portuguese navigator and explorer, with nautical equipment. Magellan's ship was the first to circumnavigate the world. He set sail from Seville, Spain, in August 1519 with five ships. His plan was to sail west until he arrived in India, avoiding Portuguese-controlled waters to the east. After crossing the stormy Strait of Magellan below South America, the fleet struck out across a vast, tranquil ocean, which Magellan called the Pacific because of its calmness. Over 100 days later they reached the Philippines, where Magellan was killed during a squabble with natives. Only one ship made it back to Spain, arriving in September 1522. Engraving from the 1875 edition of Vies des Savants Illustres.
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