EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879), Scottish physicist. Although Maxwell's works cover a wide area of science, he is most famous for his work on light and electromagnetic waves. He showed that oscillating charges produced waves in an electromagnetic field and that these waves had the same speed as light. This led to his prediction that other forms of electromagnetic radiation, such as radio waves, existed. He also worked on the motions of molecules in a gas, along with demonstrating that Saturn's rings are mainly composed of particles.
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