NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Coloured engraving of Florence Nightingale (1820- 1910) the English nurse and hospital reformer. This is the popular image of her as 'the lady with the lamp' a name she earned through her tireless caring of the wounded during the Crimean war in 1854. Her experiences there convinced her of the need to take a sanitarian approach to hospital design. Hitherto hospitals had actually encouraged the spread of disease through overcrowding, poor ventilation & bad drains. She publicized the miasma theory of disease while advocating light & airy hospitals with clean staff and good sanitary engineering. Engraving from Harper's Weekly, 1857.
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