EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Louis Eugene Felix Neel (1904-2000), French physicist. Neel studied at the Ecole Normal Superieure in Paris, France, later becoming professor at the University of Strasbourg, France, and then the University of Grenoble, France. Neel won the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics (jointly with Hannes Alfven), for his pioneering work on magnetism, including descriptions of antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism. The Neel temperature, which concerns magnetism, is named in his honour. He was a member of seven different national academies of science. In the 1950s, he contributed to the development of the French nuclear energy industry. In 1966, he was made a Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour.
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