THOMAS HOLLYMAN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY THOMAS HOLLYMAN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Linus C. Pauling, American chemist, (1901-94). Pauling was educated and later taught at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. He is seen here at the Institute holding ball and stick models of fullerenes. Much of Pauling's early work involved the nature of chemical bonding between atoms. Later he applied his ideas to the complex molecules of living tissue such as proteins and nucleic acids. In 1954 Pauling won the Nobel prize in chemistry for work down on molecular structure. In 1963 he won the Nobel peace prize for his belief in nuclear disarmament as a precondition for the survival of civilization.
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