DR ROB STEPNEY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DR ROB STEPNEY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Max Perutz (1914-2002), Austrian-British molecular biologist, photographed at the Medical Research Council (MRC) Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge. Perutz came to Cambridge in 1936 to study for a PhD in crystallography, eventually turning his attention to X-ray diffraction studies of haemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein of blood. After World War II, Perutz directed a MRC Unit in protein studies. In 1953 he & colleagues solved the structure of haemoglobin by comparative X-ray diffraction methods. His first student, J.C. Kendrew used similar methods applied to a related protein, myoglobin. Perutz & Kendrew shared a Nobel Prize in 1962.
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