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Henry Pitt-Rivers. Portrait of Lieutenant General Augustus Henry Pitt-Rivers (1827-1900), British archaeologist. Born A.H. Lane-Fox, he changed his name in 1880 when he inherited a large estate from his uncle. The estate, in Wiltshire, was rich in historical remains and Pitt-Rivers left the army to become an archaeologist. He did much to turn archaeology into an exact science rather than just collecting rare objects. He carefully noted the position of even the most trivial finds. He found that objects' shapes evolved as the society that made them evolved and that the position of an object at a site was important. In 1882 he became Britain's first Inspector of Ancient Monuments.
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