BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY, EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY, EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Frederick Reines (1918-1998), US physicist. Reines was born in New York, USA, and educated in New Jersey and New York. In 1944, he joined the Los Alamos National Laboratory, where he worked under Richard Feynman. Reines carried on working in nuclear physics after World War II. It was in the 1950s that he and his team carried out the work for which he is most famous, the detection of the neutrino. This fundamental particle was detected in 1956 in what is now known as the Cowan and Reines neutrino experiment. A nuclear reactor was used to produce a large number of neutrinos, and large volumes of water and sensitive detectors were used to detect the elusive particle. Reines received the 1995 Nobel Prize in Physics for this work.
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