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Robert Stephenson. Portrait of Robert Stephenson (1803-59), British engineer and railway pioneer. Robert, son of George Stephenson, was educated at Newcastle and Edinburgh. In 1821 he helped his father survey the Stockton and Darlington Railway. After managing mines in South America, he took up a job as manager of a locomotive works in Newcas- tle. In 1829 he built the locomotive Rocket, which won the Rainhill trials and pulled trains on the new Liverpool-Manchester railway. In 1833 he moved to London and became involved in designing bridges for railways. The Britannia Bridge, over the Menai Straits, had four spans of up to 140 metres constructed in a tubular cast iron design.
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