GEORGE BERNARD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GEORGE BERNARD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
John Smeaton. Portrait of the English engineer John Smeaton (1724-1792). Smeaton made his name by planning the construction of the Eddystone lighthouse near Plymouth in the English Channel (completed 1759). Another major project he planned was the Forth and Clyde canal in Scotland. It was begun in 1768 and took 20 years to complete. He built many other canals, harbours and bridges, and studied windmill and watermill efficiency, his conclusions being a great influence on mill design during the early Industrial Revolution. Smeaton made the most significant improvements to the Newcomen steam engine before the design was radically altered by Watt. From an 1833/37 book.
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