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Berthold Schwarz (14th century), German monk. Coloured engraving by Custos in 1643 of Schwarz, alchemist and the first person to use gunpowder to shoot projectiles. Schwarz is shown firing a gunpowder charge with a spark from a flint and steel to shoot a block into the air. Although guns were invented in Europe, rockets had previously been used by the Chinese and Arabs for military purposes. Engraving taken from a 1640 book. The picture's inscription wrongly claims that Schwarz devised gunpowder weapons in 1380; gunpowder weapons were in use by the early 14th century.
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