EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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William Shockley (1910-1989), US physicist and co-inventor of the transistor. Shockley worked at Bell Telephone Laboratories (Bell Labs) with his researchers John Bardeen and Walter Brattain. In December 1947 they created the first transistor, a solid state switch now used in practically every electronic device. The three men shared the 1956 Nobel Prize for Physics for this work. Shockley later fell out with the other two over that and subsequent work. In later life he courted controversy by espousing eugenics.
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