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Olivier de Serres (1539-1619), French soil scientist. De Serres taught himself a new scientific way to improve agricultural techniques. He is regarded as the father of agronomy, the scientific agricultural research that is then applied through manual agricultural techniques (farming). De Serres's most influential recommendations were the advantageous effects of crop rotation and multiple crop varieties, which greatly increased crop yields and disease survival. His book Theatre d'Agriculture was the textbook of French agriculture in the 1600s. Image taken from Grands Hommes et Grands Faits de l'Industrie (Great Men and Great Facts of Industry), France, circa 1880.
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