SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Sebastien le Prestre de Vauban (1633-1707), French military and civil engineer. Vauban specialised in designing fortifications. A noticeable example of this is the Citadel in Lille, France. Vauban also pioneered methods of siege warfare. His method was to dig zigzag trenches parallel to a defending wall. The zigzag shape helped protect the trenches from attack. These trenches would be advanced until they were close enough for the attacking artillery to breach the wall. De Vauban was a humanitarian, always allowing the defenders to surrender peacefully. Artwork from The Gallery of Portraits with Memoirs, London, 1835.
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