EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Eugene Wigner (1902-1995), Hungarian physicist. Eugene Paul Wigner was most famous for his deep exploration into quantum physics, especially in establishing a core algebraic theory on the symmetries in quantum mechanics, known as the Wigner D-matrix. He came up with several other theorems while researching into atomic nuclei and also co-wrote the classic book The Physical Theory of Neutron Chain Reactors with Alvin Weinburg in 1958. Five years later he was awarded half of the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physics for his symmetry principles, the other half being awarded to J. Hans D. Jensen and Maria Goeppert-Mayer for their discovery of nuclear shell structure.
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