EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Pieter Zeeman (1865-1943), Dutch physicist. Zeeman became a student of Lorentz at Leyden University, the Netherlands. It was in the summer of 1896 that Zeeman studied the influence of magnetic fields on light. He discovered what is now called the Zeeman Effect, where spectral lines split in the presence of a magnetic field. This confirmed the theories of Lorentz on electromagnetic radiation, and the two shared the 1902 Nobel Prize for Physics. In 1908, Zeeman succeeded van der Waals as Professor of Physics at Amsterdam University.
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