W. F. MEGGERS COLLECTION / EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY W. F. MEGGERS COLLECTION / EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Frits Zernike (1888-1966), Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate, looking through a phase-contrast microscope. Zernike was educated in Amsterdam and worked in Groningen University. Zernike was awarded the 1953 Nobel Prize for Physics. The Nobel was awarded for Zernike's demonstration of the phase contrast method, and especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope. This technique made it possible to see more details in living cells than was possible with other methods. Zernike discovered this technique in 1930, but the importance of the invention was not recognised for over a decade.
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