MEDICAL PHOTO NHS LOTHIAN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY MEDICAL PHOTO NHS LOTHIAN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Osteoarthritis. A severe case of osteoarthritis in the left knee of a man. Osteoarthritis is a common joint disease aggravated by mechanical stress. It is characterised by degeneration of the cartilage lining the joints or by the formation of osteophytes (bony outgrowths). Symptoms of osteoarthritis include pain, swelling, stiffness and loss of function in the joints. The hips, knees and spine are the most commonly affected. Treatment includes taking painkillers and anti- inflammatory drugs, physiotherapy and joint replacement surgery.
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