DR M.A. ANSARY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DR M.A. ANSARY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
AIDS boy. Five year old African HIV positive boy showing swollen lymph glands (lymphadenopathy) in the armpit due to nephrotic syndrome. This is a form of kidney damage, caused here by Kaposi's sarcoma, a type of cancer common in AIDS patients. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It can be passed from a mother to her baby during pregnancy, and causes weakening of the immune system. This allows a variety of opportunistic infections to take hold, and makes normally harmless infections life threatening. In Africa, lack of access to drugs and information makes AIDS a major problem.
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