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Bronchiectasis. Coloured frontal chest X-ray of the lungs of a patient with bronchiectasis (white, lower centre left and right). Bronchiectasis is a rare disorder, occuring when the bronchi and tiny hairs that clean the lungs (cilia) become damaged due to infection, obstruction or predisposition (congenital or hereditary). The damaged cilia can no longer prevent the accumulation of foreign particles in the lungs, while the bronchial tubes become dilated, forming pockets where infection may gather. A person with bronchietasis will have a regular, phlegm-producing cough. Treatment involves postural lung drainage. Surgical removal may be possible if the damage is limited.
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