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Gallbladder inflammation. Gross clinical specimen of a human gallbladder showing inflammation (cholecystitis, red). Cholecystitis can be caused by gallstones blocking the outlet (cystic duct), which results in chemical irritation of the gallbladder walls followed by bacterial infection. Symptoms include abdominal pain, fever and sometimes jaundice. Treatment of the acute form can take the shape of a modified diet along with painkilling drugs. Recurrent acute or chronic inflammation may require surgical removal (cholecystectomy) of the gallbladder.
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