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Oesophagus cancer. Light micrograph of a section through cancer or carcinoma of the lining (epithelium) of the oesophagus or gullet. It is a malignant tumour (neoplasm) that primarily occurs at the lower end of the oesophagus. The cancerous cells seen (purple) have dark nuclei. It affects more men than women, and is more common in black people than white people. Its development is not fully understood, but smoking & excessive alcohol consumption may to play a part. As it develops it may block the oesophagus, causing pain when food and drink is swallowed. Early detection, followed by removal (oesophagectomy) can prolong life and may cure the patient. Magnification unknown.
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