ZEPHYR / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY ZEPHYR / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Hiatus hernia. Front chest X-ray of an infant suffering from a hiatus hernia, the protrusion of the stomach through the diaphragm. The diaphragm (dome-shape, across bottom), heart (bulge, centre right) and bilateral hernia (lying between the heart and diaphragm) are seen. A hiatus hernia occurs when part of the stomach protrudes into the chest cavity through the hole through that the oesophagus (gullet) normally passes. The most usual symptom is gastro-oesophageal reflux, the passage of gastric juice up the oesophagus.
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