ATHENAIS, ISM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY ATHENAIS, ISM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Measles. Frontal chest X-ray of the lungs of a four-year-old child with measles. Measles (rubeola) is a contagious airborne disease caused by the Morbillivirus virus, part of the Paramyxoviridae family. The virus can infect the skin, throat, airways or lungs. The lungs of this patient are inflamed, with localised infection in the middle lobe of the right lung (centre left), and damage to the alveoli (emphysema) in the lower right lung. The cupolas of the diaphragm (bottom) have become flattened due to the infection. All of these symptoms lead to breathing difficulties. Treatment includes rest and keeping hydrated. Measles can be prevented with a vaccine.
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