JOHN BAVOSI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY JOHN BAVOSI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Osteoporosis and heart disease. Artwork showing a the effects of reduced oestrogen production after the menopause, including osteoporosis and heart disease. At top is cancellous (spongy) bone affected by osteoporosis. In osteoporosis the density of bone decreases, increasing the brittle- ness of the bones & the probability of fractures. At centre right is a spinal column with vertebrae cracking and collapsing due to osteoporosis. Lower frame shows a fractured femur, a common injury in osteoporosis. The reduction of oestrogen production after menopause also increases the incidence of coronary artery disease. Treatment is with hormone replacement therapy.
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