DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Facial palsy. Close-up of the eyes of a 73-year-old woman who has a fixed left eye due to paralysis of the lateral rectus muscle in the eye. This would give her double vision. The condition is known as lateral rectus palsy, abducens palsy or cranial mononeuropathy VI, because the cause of the paralysis is dysfunction of the abducens or sixth cranial nerve. This has occurred as a complication of non-insulin- dependent (type 2) diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Rigorous monitoring of blood sugar levels provides the best chance of recovery. NIDDM is a disease in which the body has less of the hormone insulin, which regulates blood sugar levels, than normal.
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