DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Black eye. Close-up of a 52-year-old woman with a black eye (periorbital bruising) caused by a fall. Black eyes are caused by injuries that rupture small blood vessels in the skin near the eyes. The leaking blood collects in the loose, transparent tissue under the eye, rapidly showing as red, purple then nearly black bruising. Over time, the blood breaks down and the bruise fades. Black eyes are usually left to heal naturally, although a cold compress may help to relieve discomfort.
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