CUSTOM MEDICAL STOCK PHOTO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY CUSTOM MEDICAL STOCK PHOTO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Sunburn. Close-up of a second degree burn due to over-exposure to sunlight. The ultraviolet radiation in direct sunlight destroys cells in the outer skin layer and damages the tiny blood vessels beneath. Here the skin is inflamed (first degree burn) and blistered (second degree burn). The dead cells are being shed by peeling. Sunburn is most common in fair-skinned people whose skin lacks the protective pigment melanin. Repeated exposure ages the skin prematurely and increases the risk of skin cancer. Calamine lotion and painkillers help to soothe sunburnt skin, but severe cases may need medical attention.
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