US ARMY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY US ARMY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Atom bomb casualty. Kimono pattern burned onto the back of a Japanese woman by an atom bomb blast at the end of the Second World War (1939-1945). At the culmination of the war between Japan and the USA, two atom bombs were detonated over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6th and 9th August 1945. Over 220,000 people died and thousands were injured. The USA had entered the Second World War in December 1941 when Japan attacked Pearl Harbour, Hawaii. Following intense fighting in the Pacific, huge casualties were predicted for any invasion of Japan. However, these two atom bombs, the first and only time since that atomic weapons have been used, led to Japan's rapid and unconditional surrender.
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