DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Kyphoscoliosis. View of a man's back showing the condition of kyphoscoliosis, in which the spine curves abnormally both forwards and sideways. This deformity is a combination of kyphosis (causing hunching of the backbone) and scoliosis (lateral deviation of the spine). The condition of kypho- scoliosis may occur during growth for no apparent reason (congenital), or may result from a number of diseases involving the vertebrae, spinal nerves and muscles. The diseases include: osteochondritis or ankylosing spondylitis, and in the elderly following senile osteoporosis. Treatment depends on the cause, and may include physiotherapy, spinal bracing or osteotomy.
Model release not required. Property release not required.